Project Description

BECHS Historians

The Historian is a publication done by the Blue Earth County Historical Society to inform the public of happenings around the Historical Society as well as contain a main article related to some point in history. This index pertains to those articles.

Date Title Author Abstract Key Words Article
Nov-72 The Beginning of Hope/A Look at the Past Burns, Bert The author first focuses on the nearness of second century for the Historical Society and its museum’s.  He then visits Dr. Anna Wiecking and relates some of her views on Mankato today and yesterday. Museum, Carriage House, Shaubut, Beatty, How
Mar-73 Hubbard Milling Company Cords, Betty Four photos and a sketch enhance a short article on this industry’s beginnings in Mankato during the years 1870 to 1880, including the use of the county’s first telephone. Wise, Davis, Mankato Mill, Palmer, Pierson, City Hall, Mankato House
Jun-73 Frank Cords Interview/Red Jacket Bridge Girard, Helen Girard’s two-part article begins with “sparkling stories” told to her by the 93 year-old former county sheriff, and then investigates the old structure which spanned the Le Sueur River between Mankato and Rapidan. St. Clair, Opera house Dillinger, Williams, St. Joseph the Worker Church, Hillcrest, grist mill, Winnebago reservation, Burns, Sleepy Eye, Jones, Wiecking, Fraciscus, Worden
Nov-73 Urban Renewal—A Fleeting Glance at Three 1890’s Facades on Front Street Luomala, Nancy Luomala views three downtown buildings which faced demolition due to the “projected Front Street Mall,” focusing on the decorative examples of Victorian edifices. At the time, all three were expected to face the wrecking ball. Only the building at 209 Front Street, currently Embers Restaurant, was eventually torn down S&S Tavern, Huttl, Brown Mug, G&O Café, Anderson Block building, Mankato Mercantile, Meyer & Sons, Gerlach, Flaschenhar, Mankato Review
Spring 1974 In Memoriam: Anna Wiecking (1887-1973) Several close friends and colleagues share their recollections of this renowned teacher, administrator, friend, and co-worker over a fifty-year period. Sletten, Mankato State Teachers College, Larson, Wiecking, Linnell, Ross, Saturday review, Nelson, Burns, Burton, A.A.U.W., Crawford, Wigley
Summer 1974 Indian Lake Keenen, Ben A long-time resident of the area, Keenan reminisces in words and photos beginning in 1898. As a historian and poet, his fine recollections of school days and valley doings in the early days make for excellent reading. True, Ski Haven, Red Jacket Valley, School District #72, Felton, LeSueur River, Red Jacket Flour Mill, Madsen, Sandon, Rapidan, Good Thunder, Yeager, Kern, Ulman, Mankato Saddle Club, Slettin
Oct-76 Blue Earth County Fair at the Museum Kress, Jeanne Over the years, many of the fair’s prize-winning “fine arts,” including an 1887 painting of the Seppman Mill, have found their way into our museum. Kress incorporates a brief history of the fair with a look at some of its award winners which are now BECHS artifacts. Seppman Mill, Garden City, Sibley Park, Fine Arts, Martin, Mankato Review, BECAA Diploma, Mills Stiles
Jan-77 Past Times and Parking Lots (Reminiscences) Scherer, Scherer pens a highly informative article that should be invaluable to any researcher of Mankato especially the businesses that flourished from 1902 to 1958. The names of many local owners and managers of the period are part of this historical article. Elks Lodge, Sugden, Cannon, Hubbard, Neitge, Smith, “Irish Catholic Church,” Manderfeld, Flachsenhaar, Mankato free Press, Gribel, Opera House, Snow, Jaehn, Peck, Hauck, Hodge, Ferguson, Bowen, Seidle, Jache, Schoyen, Lamm, Kartz, Schwanenberg, Ambrosch, Aamolt, Klugherz, Udelhofen, Harres-Smesrud, Young, Otto, McGraw, Brown, Clift House
George W.
Jan-78 Norwegians in Blue Earth County Kress, Jeanne Scandinavian settlers began to appear in the 1850’s, with Norwegians far outnumbering the Swedes. Kress points out that “the Lutheran faith seems to have been the strongest unifying influence” in this ethnic group’s ability to prosper. Andersen, Eastvold, Civil War, Dakota Uprising, Shelby and Sherling townships, Medo, Decoria, Rapidan, Lutheran, Lincoln township, Thoen, Bethany College, Lien, Brandlien, Madelia
Apr-78 The Roaring Game (100 Years of Curling in Blue Earth County) Kress, Jeanne Local Scottish settlers brought their national game with them from Scotland and curling is a sport that continues to draw enthusiasts of all ages. Caledonian Curling Club, Meyer, Lang, Mapleton, Carriage House, Good Thunder, Ellis, Oger, Beauford, Blue Earth County Enterprise, Robert Burns, Mankato Fair Association, Traylor, Lura Lake, Heather Curling Club, Sterling, Bass Lake, Vernon Center
Jul-78 Minnie Schoyen Hubbard Burns, Inella Burns details the life and accomplishments of this world-famous “violinist, writer, teacher, lecturer and patron of the arts,” who brought so much to the “musical life of Blue Earth County in the early 20th century.” R.D. Hubbard II, Schoyen, Mankato Daily Review, Jay Hubbard, Hubbard Mill, John, Andrews, Hub, Gerlach, Lamm, Carney, Sandon, Rodgers, Harmonia Band, Orpheus Club, Music Club, Saulpaugh, Opera House, Liedertafel Hall, Mapleton Opera House, Amboy Opera House, Women’s Club, Owen
Oct-78 Century Farms-1978 Kress, Jeanne A Minnesota State Fair Board project, begun in 1976, named five county farms of historical importance. Kress traces the beginnings of these farms from earliest settlement to date. Centennial Farm Project, Bethke, Vernon Center, Lake Crystal, McCarthy, Howard, Jones, Morse, Tivoli, Wilder, Le Sueur River
Oct-78 Red Jacket Bridge, Kress, Jeanne Quotes from several Mankato newspapers spice up this interesting history (and possible future) of one of the county’s most famous landmarks. Le Sueur River, Highway 66, CMSP Railroad, Burns, National Register, Berg, Mankato Free Press, Snow, Wells, Willard, Mankato Review, Good Thunder
Part 1
Jan-79 Red Jacket Bridge, Kress, Jeanne Kress continues her exploration in words and photographs of this historic landmark currently in jeopardy. Le Sueur River, Milwaukee Line, Mankato, Rapidan, Burns, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, National Register, Snow, Willard, Mankato Free Press, Mankato Review, Home Truss
Part 2 (Note: It still stands as part of the area’s recreational trail today.)
Apr-79 Hickory Street Revisited Scherer, George & Kress, Jeanne The authors continue their recollections–in words and photographs–of Mankato area people and places now long gone (see the January 1977 newsletter). Meyer, Tollefson, Mankato Post, Traub, Blissenbach, Meixner, Neff, Imm, Elks Lodge, Noe, Kuebler, Ben Pay Hotel, Young Men’s Investment Building, Pay Candy Company, Eldridge Sculpture
Oct-79 History of the Mankato Post Scherer, George Scherer’s family were among the many who immigrated to this area from Germany in the early 1860’s, and his father, G.W. Scherer Sr., published the only local German-language newspaper in the late 1880’s.  G.W. Jr. and Jeanne Kress continue with the history of several early Mankato newspapers to the mid-1950’s. Mankato Normal School, Williams, “Dutch Town,” Lime Township, Mankato Review, Ehler, Hughes, History of Blue Earth County, Traub, 1895 Atlas of Blue Earth County,Mankato News, Blissenbach, Meixner, Neff, Lake Crystal, Marschner, Leonard, Union News, Imm
& Kress, Jeanne
Date Title Author Summary Key Words Article
Apr-80 Story of a Mankato Industry: Mayer, Little Giant, Dotson, Part 1 Kress, Jeanne Follows a local company over 100 years through its inventions and manufacturing history with three successive owners. Little Giant, Dotson, Mayer, Blissenbach, Rockey (City) Mill, Fazendin, Palmer, Willard, Nyquist, Bye, Ulman, First National Bank, Hatcher
Jul-80 Story of a Mankato Industry, Part 2 Kress, Jeanne Continues the history in words and photos, as one local company changes and expands through the years to 1980. Dotson, Mayer, Little Giant, Palmer, Willard, Nyquist, Hatcher, Fazendin, Piddie, Hodapp, Rindelaub, Landgren, Ulman, Butler, Mankato Free Press, Dedrickson
Oct-80 Theater in Mankato, Part 1 Kress, Jeanne Covers the early history of a major form of local entertainment that began in 1870 and lasted half a century. The author credits the BECHS archives for its “wealth of source material, particularly two collections of original programs and photo brochures, as well as its newspaper resources.” Manning, Hoerr, Vogt, Manderfeld, Opera House-Theatre, Bierbauer, Harmonia Association, Harmonia Hall, Neumaier, Griebel, Schmidt, Lulsdorff, DuBuisson, Dornberg, Hughes, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Mankato Review, Wagner
Jan-81 Theater in Mankato, Part 2 Kress, Jeanne Continues the overview of “the golden age of the American theater” in 1893 and provides anecdotes of the exotic fare brought to local audiences before cinema “spelled the doom of live theatrical entertainment.” Bierbauer, Saulpaugh, Griebel, Mankato Review, Hoerr, Free Press, Vogt, Grand Theatre, Sandon (State) Theater, Manning, AAUW, Orpheum, French, Holt Motor Company
Apr-81 The Carnegie Library Kress, Jeanne Describes the architectural features of the library, including a detailed inscription of the cornerstone, laid in 1902. Berg, Nelson, Mankato Free Press, Saulpaugh, Arts Council, Coughlan, Appel, Feldbusch, Masonic Lodge #12, Indians, Wise
Apr-81 Putting Things Together: An Old House and a New Museum Exhibit (The Perrin House) Kress, Jeanne Finds a connection between the museum’s 1880’s schoolroom and a teacher’s certificate issued to Horace B. Perrin, a Mankato resident from 1894 to 1933. Perrin filled many roles as well as that of teacher. His two daughters also taught school and one daughter owned and lived in the Perrin House until 1977. Hubbard House schoolroom, Horace B. Perrin, 618 Byron Street, Alice Perrin Baker, Krueger, Pleasant Mound Township, Amboy, William Perrin, Willis Perrin, 11th Regiment Minnesota, Civil War, Sterling Township, 100F Lodge, Jensen, Harry Perrin, Minnie Perrin
Jul-81 A Tale of Two Families: Bierbauer and Dornberg Schuster, Marcia Chronicles the lives and accomplishments of families who fled war-torn Germany in the late 1840’s, eventually settling in Mankato. She notes the marriages and business partnerships that joined the two families for the next 50 years. Dr. Alvin Jacob, Wilhelm (William), Adolf, Bertha, Augusta (Rockey) Rockey Mill, Louisa, Mayer Brothers, Dotson Company, Dakota Uprising, Roos, Theresa (Prael), Laura (du Buisson), Oscar, Mankato Malting Company, Herman, Burdick, Macbeth, Opera House, Register of Deeds, Alma (Hielborn) Mattie, Board of Education, Carnegie Library, Albert G., Palmer Centennial Pace, Dr. A.L.
Oct-81 A Self-Made Businesswoman–Nora Reedfield, Mankato Costumer Kress, Jeanne Reedfield ran not one but two successful businesses in the Mankato area from the 1890’s to the mid-1930’s.  Reedfield was nationally known for the extensive knowledge and reproduction of authentic Indian designs. She also fabricated, rented, and sold costumes of all kinds for local theatrical productions, schools, churches, etc. Less well known is her role as proprietor of the “Coponanning” and Point Pleasant resorts on Madison Lake. Indian, Bierbauer, Lorenz Post #11, Simpson, Kasota, C&NW Railroad, 313 North Front Street, Old Town, National Register, Bandolier, Chippewa (Ojibway)
Jan-82 Portrait of Dan Patch Kress, Jeanne Paints a picture of “the most famous race horse in history,” then continues with the fascinating story of racing and breeding in the Mankato area. Savage, Schmidt, Lang, S.M. Livestock/Fair Association, Mankato Driving Park Association, Garden City, Sibley Mound, Himmelman, City Hotel, Wilkinson, City Council, Palmer House, Glenwood Cemetery, Curryer, Jordan, Lee, Piper, Rutan, Pond, Halfhill, Keene, Patterson, Zimmerman
Apr-82 The Quilting Party Kress, Jeanne Quotes from a popular 19th century song introduce the folk art known as “crazy quilts.” Photos and descriptions of materials, methods, and designs, plus notations on the early artists who fashioned the quilts serve as a fine resource on the topic. Permelia Mills, Garden City, Epworth League, Methodist Church, Old Settlers Association, GAR
Apr-82 The Mankato Commercial College Kress, Jeanne Details the business college’s history from 1903 to 1980. catalogues, Brandrup, Nettleton, McMullen, Mankato House Block, Stern, South Front Street, National Bank of Commerce, Saulpaugh, Richards Block, Star Drug, Martin Building
Aug-84 Pioneer Fairs in Blue Earth County Burns, Inella Relays a wealth of information in the coverage of three early county fairs and those who took part in them. Many well-known names and events are featured in the survey. Garden City, Blue Earth Valley Fair, Mankato Fair, Pleasant Mound, South Bend, Sioux Uprising, Thompson, Diamond, Buck, Bundy, Parks, Piper, Glynn, Gilman, Curryer, Shelby, Wilder, McKibbon, Brown, Cornish, Brooks, Hubbell, Randall, Warner, Shaubut, Sibley Mound, Merrill, Weaver, Jordanm Himmelman, Carney, Wise, Pond, Hubbard, Empire Store, Brett, Lamm, Schroeder, Schmidt, Atchison, Saulpaugh, Krost, Caledonia Curling Club
Oct-84 Water Over the Dam (Blue Earth River Water Development) Burns, Inella Surveys 130 years of beginnings, expansion, use, success and disaster, as successive attempts were (and are) made to provide power for area industries. Rapidan, Moreland, Winnebago, Barney, Willard, Kenworthy, Swan, Mendenhall, Mankato Record, Piper, Baker, Warner, Dilley, Widell, Mankato Free Press, Mankato Review, Lake Crystal, Rodgers, Northern States Power
Nov-84 Ladies of the Club (Women’s Clubs in Mankato) Burns, Inella Four early organizations are formed for specific civic purposes; of the four, three are still “alive and well.” Tourist Club, Harrington, Robbins, Hobart, Farr, Willard, Ray, Burdick, Clio Club, Wise, Davis, Rose, Swan, Williams, Beatty, Webster, YWCA, Art History Club, Hunt, Adams, James, Zetetic Club, Andrews, Judge Comstock, WTCU, Wiecking
Dec-84 Christmas Memories/School District #59 Palmer, Gail Fondly recalls the rural school district as a one-room schoolhouse back in 1937, and its role as a center of community activities. Features the unusual and enchanting annual holiday program. Perch Lake, Beauford, Christmas Chorus
Jan-85 Dressing the Infant at the Turn of the Century Smith, Louisa Centuries of swaddling a baby for protection did not cease even when multiple layers of clothing became the norm in the early 20th century. History of Childhood, Ladies Home Journal, Harper’s Bazaar, Sears and Roebuck
Feb-85 Burning the Stone (Limestone) Apitz, Darell Thorough research documents 85 years of making lime, a “mortar material used by stone masons and bricklayers.” Beginning in 1853, the industry flourished but began to decline when Portland cement became available, and finally closed its doors in 1939. Minnesota River Valley, Jefferson, Coughlan, Fowler, Pay, Mankato Lime Company
Mar-85 The Mapleton Colony, Part 1: The New York Group Annis, Audrey Explores why and how a large group of New Yorkers with Scottish and English surnames immigrated to the wilds of southern Minnesota in 1856. Murphy, Fergueson, Wessels, Taylor, Fletcher, Maple River, Lura Lake, Highland, Simmons, DeWolf, City Belle, Reveille, Rapidan, Lyra, Haynes, Cornell, Mund, Corp, Roberts
Apr-85 The Mapleton Colony, Part 2: The Wisconsin Group Annis, Audrey Continues the survey of Mapleton and Sterling Township’s early settlement.  Describes the trip to Minnesota from Wisconsin in 1856 and the hardships of pioneer life. Payne, Annis, Sherman, Hall, Franklin, Durkee, Holbrook, Cornell, Taylor, Lura Lake, Jackson
May-85 Our past: Blue Earth County Historical Society Stone, Anita Stone, Director of Public Information at MSU, traces the society’s history from 1901 to 1938, citing major highlights from records. Buck, City Hall, Hughes, Reynolds, Wilder, Barney, Powell, James, Hubbard House, Pay, Seppman, Nachbar, Ott, Strobel,Sibley Park, Swain, Lake Crystal, Cray, W.P.A.
Jun-85 A Steamboat Excursion on the Minnesota Palmer, Gail Relates the 1908 voyage of the steamboat Lorene on the Minnesota River from Mankato to New Ulm. Palmer, Lorene, Hubbard Mill, Henrietta, South Bend, Minneopa Falls, Judson, Saulpaugh Hotel
Jul-85 Horse Racing: The Early Years in Blue Earth County Burns, Inella Correlates the opening of the new Canterbury Downs with the forty years of horse racing enjoyed by the locals from the 1850’s to the 1890’s. Mankato’s horses had a “national reputation … and many a race track,” as well as with “lovers of finely-bred horses at home.” Anderson, Curryer, Pay, Spornitz, Mankato Independent, Germania Park, Dan Patch, Lake Crystal, McLaughlin, Swenson, Sibley Park, Halstead, Himmelman, Saulpaugh, Davis, Pond, Mankato Review, Mankato Free Press, Piper, Thro, Dodd, Mickelson
Aug-85 Early Mankato Breweries, Part 1 Palmer, Gail The writer gives a brief history of the brewing industry in the area and notes that few accounts exist of the profitable industry and advises readers that “sources differ in spelling the names of the owners …” Mankato Record, Welch, Klein, Branson, Mankato Union, Bierbauer, Trout, Wolf, Hass, Schmidt, Lieferman, Gessler, Nagli, Christenson, Chapman, Iback, Tinkom’s Addition, Jacoby, Boekle
Sep-85 Early Mankato Breweries, Part 2 Palmer, Gail Surveys the local industry to 1893, noting that the William Bierbauer Brewery (the first brewery west of St. Paul, Minnesota) was the only one still in existence in 1920 when the Prohibition Act was passed. The Bierbauer buildings were used until 1967, and demolished in 1971. Blue Earth Brewery, Ibach, Graeber, Welsch, Gessler, Tinkom’s Addition, Haas, Schmidt, Lieferman, Lamm, Boelke, Jacoby, Wolf, Trout
Oct-85 An Historical Indian Village: Its Heyday Fitzsimmons, Lucille Retired English teacher Fitzsimmons includes interviews with local residents as well as many print sources in her comprehensive look at Good Thunder from 1881-1912. Maple River, Houk, Graham, Panos, Malzahn, Billet, Treanor, Wiedenheft, Schlesselman, Seaquist, Good Thunder Herald, Griffin, Opera House, Ulrich, Welsh, O’Neill, Christenson, Bruscke, Bennett, Kienitz
Nov-85 Victory Highway Burns, Inella Patriotism was prime in 1944, with area residents seeking ways to honor local members of the United States armed forces. Probably the most lasting memento of this was the beautification of the new Highway 22 from Mankato to Mapleton.. Today it still has no billboards but most of its “living tribute of trees and shrubs” still grace the Victory Highway. Von Ribbentrop, Boy Scouts, Mapleton, Garden Club, Barney, Blue Earth County Enterprise, Mankato Free Press, Olson, American Legion, Rogers, Franciscus,
Le Sueur River, Winnieshiek, Sioux, Winnebago, Cummiskey, Landkamer, Spaulding, Kough, Nelson
Dec-85 A Christmas Past 1885 Burns, Inella Review of the holiday celebration a century ago, replete with details and nostalgic information. Mapleton, Mankato Free Press, City Skating Pavillion, Germania Band, Sprague’s Hall, Allen’s Orchestra, Wells, Himmelman, Union Hall, Mankato Opera House, Congregational Church, Bentley’s Rink, Eagle Lake Methodist Church, Simmonds, The Nancy Phelps Review, Synid Norway Church, Ogle, McConnell, Golden Lion Store, Brett’s Empire Store, Busch, Krolik, Swenson, McMahon, Masters, Garden City
Jan-86 Impact of Four Mankato Camp Fire Leaders on National Youth Programs Shellburg, Ruth A long-time MSU professor and Camp Fire leader, the author reminisces about the 75-year history of the organization and local women who gained national renown. Fletcher, Book of Ceremonials, Mankato Teachers College, Ford, Sperry, Cooper, Owen, Strom, Kiwanis Club, Camp Patterson, BWCA, Wood, Lake Washington, 75th Jubilee, Preska
Feb-86 Farming Among the Sioux Indians Burns, Inella In 1849, the superintendent of farming for the Sioux living in the Minnesota River Valley filed a report on agriculture in the new territory of Minnesota. The author describes the article as a fascinating account of the food cultivated by the Indians and its “procuring, cooking and curing for use.” Saint Peter, Dahkotah Sioux Dakota
Mar-86 Halley’s Comet–1910 Burns, Inella Local residents and communities enjoyed their “sky-watching parties” for this once-in-75-years appearance of the outer-space visitor. Good Thunder Herald, Lake Crystal Union, Blue Earth County Enterprise, Mankato Free Press, Mapleton, Amboy, Medo, Thompson, Duke’s Addition, St. Clair, Chapman, Porter, Pemberton, Graham, Good Thunder, Garden City, Warner
Apr-86 Mankato Street Railway Systems Palmer, Gail Only a few artifacts remain to show that once two railwaysystems operated in Mankato. The author traces the locations and persons involved during the years 1895 to 1930 when this mode of transportation flourished. Farr, Noe, Willard, Lamm, Piper, Clark, Jones, Sheldon, Blake, Fitzgerald, Wolverton, Hixon, Ewing, Hance, Kron, Denn, Mueller
Jun-86 The Ghost Town: Mankato Mineral Springs Palmer, Gail Traces the rise and fall of the site on Spring Brook, six miles east of Mankato that might have become a famous health spa. “Mineral Springs” can still be found on current Blue Earth County maps. Morse, LePay Township, Mankato Review, Peterson, Dietl, King, Reichel, County Road #28
Jul-86 The Bend of the River Burns, Inella Utilizes many valuable sources in tracing the exploration and development of the “great bend of the Minnesota River that marks the north boundary of Blue Earth County.”. Anthony Wayne, Traverse des Sioux Treaty, Tiger, Black Hawk, Mankato, South Bend, Eureka, Judson, Minneopa, Shaubut, Minnesota Valley Railway, iron bridge, Widell Construction, Main Street Bridge, Scheurer Construction, Memorial Bridge, Veterans Bridge, Globe, Henriette, Civil War, Sioux Uprising
Aug-86 A Century Ago Palmer, Gail Peruses the 1885-86 Mankato City Directory to note the educational and employment opportunities and special events available to residents of the time. Normal School, Searing, Union, Pleasant Grove, Franklin and West Mankato Schools, Catholic College and school, Immanuel Lutheran Church and school, rural one-room schools, railroads,
Sep-86 Settlement of Medo Township Lewis, Elvina Severson The author, a granddaughter of pioneer settlers in the area, follows the history of “small potatoes” from 1855 to the present, including four photographs and a township map. Winnebago Reservation, Foley’s Store, Minnesota Lake, Severson, Vieg, Alphabet Railroad, Pemberton, Rathai, Little Cobb Post Office, cream, Berentson, Round School House, Lindeland, Waldorf, Kopetski, Metz
Nov-86 Cigar Making Burns, Inella At the peak of the local industry’s 85-year existence, Blue Earth County had thirty cigar manufacturers. The author follows its history in Mankato, Mapleton, Lake Crystal, Madison Lake, and Good Thunder. Mankato City and Blue Earth County Directory, Mankato Cigar Company, Archard, Totten, Schildknecht, Clifton Herbst, Wiecking, Margarita Cigar Factory, Lime Kiln Club, Flittie, Patterson Wholesale, Bienapfel, Timmerman, Pfeiffer, Bauer, Raithle, Hampl, Hensel, Rorman, Swanson, Sdeed, Crystal Cigar, Evans
Dec-86 Christmas in Amboy Burns, Inella Traces the village’s holiday celebrations from 1892 to the present, citing many events, locales, and names of townspeople who combine to make it into a “five-day extravaganza that attracts up to 5,000 people.” American Legion Hall, Amboy Herald, Opera House, Methodist Church, Cooper, Cross, Miller, , Wareham, Willow Creek Society, Commercial Club, Dethloff Reuter, Corbett Radio, Presbyterian Church
Feb-87 Growing Up in Judson, Lundin, Vernard Adapting an article from his book, As the Twig Is Bent, the author spins a fond tale of the village people, places, and activities he remembers from his early boyhood. Mankato, Lake Crystal, World War I, Mason, Johnson, Jones, Gottschalle, Rodekur, McCarger, Eureka Creamery, Cooperative Creamery, Thomas, State Bank, White, Williams, Peterson, Gustafson, Concrete Company, Nicollet, Vrooman,
Part 1 C & NW Railroad, Mogren, Commander Elevator
Feb-87 Growing Up in Judson, Lundin, Vernard In his second return to his boyhood surroundings, the author focuses on the one-room school where he attended grades 1-8. Korsell, Pledge of Allegiance, Detamore, Fox and Geese, WorkUp, Five Hundred, consolidation, Carlstrom, Nelson, Solberg, Roberts, Jerusalem Church
Part 2
May-87 Landmarks of Democracy (National Trust for Historic Preservation) Celebrates preservationists for their roles in identifying and preserving national and local properties of value and significance. Blue Earth County Courthouse, Carnegie Library, Hubbard House, Seppman Mill, First National Bank Building.
Jun-87 Early Blue Earth County Newspapers, Part 1 Burns, Inella Chronicles the rise and fall of many of the 40+ newspapers that appeared “to inform, educate and influence county residents during the last half of the 1800’s.” This and a second article commemorate the bicentennial of Freedom of the Press.
Jul-87 Early Blue Earth County Newspapers, Part 2 Burns, Inella Continues her survey of area “purveyors of news” from 1891 to present, citing many long-gone newspapers as well as those still dedicated to bringing county residents global and local events. Amboy Herald, Strom, Krohn, Hotaling, Brown, Wilder, Burdick, Erdman, Reuter, Quiggle, Good Thunder Herald, Vernon Center News, Country Times, Hensley, Madison Lake Breeze, Knapp, Mayfield, Madison Lake Mirror, Southwick, Swearengen, Morrison, Skinner, Madison Lake Times, Lillegraven, Roemer, Morris, Edgerton, Will, Lake Region Times, Griffin, Young, Blue Earth Valley News, Larson, Marben
Aug-87 Grasshopper Plague, 1873-1877 Schrader, Julie Recounts the sometimes futile efforts to control the insect infestation that devastated Blue Earth County for four long years. As the plague continued, much of Minnesota was affected; measures to control the plague included a state-wide day of prayer proclaimed by the governor. Courthouse, Pillsbury, Blue Earth County Heritage
Oct-87 The General Store: A Popular Place for Pioneers and Speculators in Good Thunder, Part 1 Fitzsimmons, Lucille A. Retired English teacher Fitzsimmons surveys early businesses that supplied goods pioneers were unable to produce. Fascinating details enliven this first of two articles. Graham, Hughes, Good Thunder Herald, Leverick, White, Macbeth, Kapoun, Neil, Mann, Just, Ludtke, Hawes, Wiedenheft, Heuchert
Nov-87 The General Store: A Popular Place for Pioneers and Speculators in Good Thunder, Part 2 Fitzsimmons, Lucille A. A long-time resident and high school teacher continues her exploration of the vital purveyors of merchandise in a typical small town. Malzahn, Good Thunder Herald, Hiller, Graf, Sohre, Graham, Mertens, Whitman, Hayes Lucas, Billet, Ulrich, Welsh, Gnadke, Laabs, Wiedenheft
Jan-88 Southern Minnesota Prehistory Scullin, Michael Ethno-historian Scullin draws from his articles on the time period, various Indian groups, settlements and food gathering, and other forms of lifestyles throughout 10,000 years of habitation in North America. PaleoIndian Period, Pleistocene, Archaic, Woodland, Cahokia, Mississippian, Dakota, Chippewa
Feb-88 Early Mankato Hotels, Schrader, Julie Traces many local lodging houses from1852 to 1930, giving informative details about meals, accommodations, and changes of ownership Hanna, Kron, Howe, Leech, Shaubut, Clarion, Mankato House, Roosevelt, Burt, Hamilton, Stern, Minnesota House, Stahl, Quane, Washington House, Casey, Ulman, Union House, Rustermeyer, Minneopa House, Porter, Flower, Clifton House, Guenther, Williams, Klein
Part 1
Mar-88 Early Mankato Hotels, Schrader, Julie Continues the survey of small-town lodgings from1855 to the 1930’s. Early establishments and proprietors are discussed. Himmelman, City Hotel, Fallenstein, Turner Hall, Hotel heinrich, Burton, Pay, Roosevelt, Lewis, Lombardo, Saulpaugh, Merriam, taft, Buchholz, American House, Hoerr, Cole, Donally, Gates, Brabender, Root, Sorenson, Everhart, Rosenberger, Kuhn, Porter, Hamilton, Kruse, Miller, Sontag, Wobshall, Ellefson, Dillinger, Roehl, Miner, Barott, Whalen, Ryan
Part 2
May-88 Palmer Family Honored Follows the life and career of George M. Palmer from his humble beginnings to President of the Hubbard Milling Company. Continues with his deep involvement in various civic and church organizations. Lists his descendents to date. Confer, Tilton, linseed oil, Pearson, Grannis, First National Bank, Willard, Dotson, YMCA, Kiwanis, Masonic, First Baptist Church, Roberts, Koehler, Bergerson, Williams, Morse
Jun-88 The Railroad Comes to Blue Earth County Burns, Inella Hilarious details spice this story of the construction, dedication and excursion to St. Paul to celebrate 1868’s new form of transportation in the area. Minnesota Valley Railway, “The Shakopee” and “The Mankato,” Red Jacket and Farmers’ Mills, Mankato Cornet Band, Wiswell, Sibley, Ramsay, Fowler, Clifton House, Drake, Normal School
Jul-88 Beauford Corners Palmer, Gail Author uses knowledge gained while teaching in the Beauford area over many years to pen a short but comprehensive history of local people, places and events. Winnebago Indian Reservation, Big Cobb River, McBeth, Frey, Morrow, Arza, Gatis, Rogers, Child, Findley, United Brethren, Wing, Hislop, Klimpton, Getty, Nitzell, Healy, Mullin, Mauer  creamery, railroad, sawmill
Oct-88 The Windmill Climber (Alma Wagen) Burns, Inella This mountain climber was obsessed with reaching the heights since she first climbed the windmills on her grandmother’s farm. After becoming the “first woman professional mountain guide in the national park system,” Alma championed the role of women in the labor force. Kraus, Mankato Normal School, Rockefeller, Whitacre
Jan-89 The Railroads Reach Out Burns, Inella The county was both excited and cautious when the “snorting iron horse” first rolled into Mankato in 1868 and grew into a county network of rail lines by 1907. Red Jacket Mills, Mankato Record, Reuter, Amboy, Curtis Louer, railroad, hotels, Minneopa, Dean Rowland, Rapidan, Good Thunder, Mapleton, Wells, Vernon Center, Shelbyville, Dan Patch, Judson & Cambrie, “Alphabet Line,” Pemberton
Mar-89 The Days of the Stagecoach, Schrader, Julie Points out the importance of the stagecoach in early Blue Earth County when water navigation was not available. Traces the routes and stage lines form 1853 to 1864. Steamboat, Clarion, Brown, Marsh, Traverse des Sioux, Babcock, South Bend, Tivoli, Winnebago Agency, Valley Stage Company, Burbank, Winona, Minnesota Stage Company
Part 1
Apr-89 The Days of the Stagecoach, Schrader, Julie Continues the stagecoach history from 1864 to the 1870’s, pointing out that the stage lines were still important even after railroads became prominent. Lewis, Mankato Weekly Record, La Crescent, Davis, Owatonna, Concord, Mankato House, Clifton House, Burbank
Part 2
May-89 ’89 is the Year to Celebrate Historic Places to Live Monk-Kjos, Susan Encourages preservation of, and visits to, both local and national sites of historic significance. Notes the more than 1,200 historic districts that help preserve our heritage. R.D. Hubbard House, Preservation Week
Jul-89 Piecing Together Your House’s History, Part 1 Jones, Penny First of two articles reprinted from February 1989’s issue of Preservation News, the monthly newspaper of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The new owner(s) of a previously owned home are given many resources to consult in their quest for information.
Aug-89 Piecing Together Your House’s History, Part 2 Jones, Penny Using excerpts from her article in February 1989’s Preservation News, the author continues to point out more resources available to the owner(s) of a previously occupied house in searching out its history.
Date Title Author Summary Key Words Article
Jul-90 The Anchor of Our Culture: Perceiving and Preserving the Historic House, Part 1 diValmarana, Mario In the April 1990 issue of Preservation News, diValmarana defines the term “historic house” as used in America and why and how such structures can and should be preserved.
Aug-90 The Anchor of Our Culture: Perceiving and Preserving the Historic House, Part 2 diValmarana, Mario Continues the survey of historical houses and the importance of preservation.
Nov-90 Old Main: From Mankato Normal School to Old Main Village Palmer, Gail Traces the history of the school from 1864 to 1988.. Mankato, Buck, Gage, Shaubut, Saulpaugh, Sears, Hyde, Searing, Cooper, McElroy, Crawford, Wilson Campus, Blakeslee, Nickerson, Armstrong, Morris, Moore, Nichols, Lincoln, National Register
Dec-90 George W. Cummings: Man of Many Talents and a Few Pranks Norland, Roger A. Cummings, born in Vermont, settled in Blue Earth County in 1853 and filled many County offices from 1856 through 1858. In December 1859, he concocted a false story of John Brown’s rescue at Harper’s Ferry, which was printed in the Mankato Record. In 1861, became a sergeant for the Minnesota Sharp Shooters, but after moving to Washington, DC, he criticized its officers. Cummings ended his checkered career as a medical doctor. He left his mark here with the “Cummings Addition to Mankato.” Civil War, Garden City, County offices, Hanna, Moreland, Roosevelt, Wise, Mankato Independent
Jan-91 With Respect to Van Garren Roberts, Craig In 1905, the largest funeral ever held at the Sterling Church near the Maple River was for Garren, a former slave who had lived in the area since the Civil War days. “A common man, he learned respect in disrespectful times.” Martin Luther King Day, Blue Earth City Enterprise, Annis, Gibbs, Welk, Amboy, Sterling Church
Feb-91 The Frederick Family History Roemer, Ted Two members of this county’s family were honored at the annual Heritage Dinner in 1991. Traces their background and ancestors, and then focuses on this branch and its accomplishments. Buckstal, Le Ray Township, Kramer, Neubert Construction, Madison Lake, All Saints Catholic Church, Scheid
Mar-91 Tale of Two Good Thunders Palmer, Gail Seeks to clarify the distinction between the two chiefs of the 1860’s, both of whom were connected with the village of Good Thunder although one was Sioux and the other Winnebago. Mankato Daily Review, Sibley, Sioux Uprising, Bishop Whipple and Christian Church, Winnebago, Maple River Ford, Wiells Railroad
Mar-91 Maud Hart Lovelace Schuster, Marcia T. Reprinted from a 1973 Home Magazine article, Schuster gives a complete short summary of the life and career of Mankato’s own illustrious author, whetting the reader’s interest in Hart Lovelace’s famous Betsy-Tacy books. Betsy and Tacy Go Downtown, Black Angels, Merian, Deep Valley, Ray, Mankato High School, Betsy and the Big World, Betsy-Tacy days
May-91 Boys in Blue (Minnesota in the Civil War) Stenzel, Bryce A brief summary of events leading up to the entrance of Minnesota in the conflict, then looks at local soldiers and battles in which they served. Anderson, Blue Earth County, Ramsey, Cameron, Cannon, Company I, Company H, 1st Minnesota Infantry, Isaac Sherman, Missionary Ridge
June/July 1991 The Benjamin D. Pay Family Schultz, Georgia Enfield Follows the first of the name to settle in Mankato, and the later importance of family members to area business. Garden City, Pay Candy Company, Ben Pay Hotel, Mary Pay Coughlan, Porter, Pay,” Mary Pay Johnson,Fowler
Oct-91 The Mystery of Emerald Green Park Tabbert, George Focuses on a Mankato park that flourished at the junction of Willard and Fulton streets in 1908. Mankato park system, Snow, Common Council, Mankato
Nov-91 Old Main: From Mankato Normal School to Old Main Village Palmer, Gail Follows the various homes of the teacher training institution from 1868 to 1988 when the final structure, now on the National register, became a retirement community. Buck, Methodist Episcopal Church, Gage, Shaubut Store, Old Main, Sears, Hyde, Searing, Cooper, Teachers College, McElroy, Crawford, Wilson Campus School, Highland Arena, Blakeslee Stadium, Nickerson, Moore, Upper Campus, National Register
Feb-92 Red Jacket Mill and the Red Jacket Bridge Schrader, Julie Based on the author’s History of Blue Earth County, traces the grist mill from 1866-1872 and its part in wheat becoming the principal regional industry. Also focuses on the bridge built at the site of the mill in 1911, and the special three-car railroad train at its dedication. Finally, in 1960, the old single lane concrete bridge began to cave in and was replaced. Le Sueur River, Scott, Harrington, Worden, Winnebago Reservation, Dickison, Hawley, Pearson, Schultz, Taylor, Palmer, Lamm, Snow
Apr-92 Carlstrom Family History Kroke, Jeff Several members of this immigrant Swedish family followed the construction trade in the Mankato area, erecting many business, school and public office buildings. They also were active in community affairs, and some of their descendents continue in the economic and cultural life of the area. Heritage Family Dinner, Nelson, Odd Fellows Building, George Carlstrom Sr., Swedish Knighthood, Sebey, Robert W. Carlstrom, Madole, Stemper, Hanson, Eric A. Carlstrom, Anderson, Severson, Sumner Carlstrom, Honeke, Koepper
Jun-92 Preserving Your Family Photographs Kroke, Jeff Differentiates between three early types of photographs and printing methods, then gives valuable suggestions in caring for both old photographs and modern prints. daguerreotype, ambrotype, tintype, albumen prints, Photos, cyanotype prints
Aug-92 Legend of the Maiden Who Fell in Love With the Morning Star Enchanting tale of the maiden and the curiosity which was her undoing.
Oct-92 Steamboats Frequent on Minnesota River from 1852 to 1868 Taken from a Mankato Free Press article appearing November 11, 1952, this story focuses on the main means of transportation to and from Mankato in the early years. St. Pierre, C, ST, M&O Railroad, Red Jacket Mills, Favorite, Laura, Le Hillier, Nicollet, Davis
Nov-92 The History of Minneopa Braam, Gene This script was performed by a Ghosts from the Pastcast at Williams Nature Center on October 3-4, 1992. Author researched the subject using Thomas Hughes’s History of Minneopa State Park (1932). “Minne Inne Nopa,” Dakota, Winnebago, “Mankatosa,” Le Sueur, Lyons, Minneopa Falls, Chief “Red All Over,” Bunker Hill, Herbert, Alden, Garden City, James, Younger, Williams
Dec-92 Volunteers Make It Happen At the Society Craig, Jon Presents the work done Ken Knutson and other volunteers in processing artifacts for the BECHS Collection. At the time, there were 11,600 artifacts in the collection. Knutson, Ghosts, Berger, Goodrich, Grundmeier, Hanson, Hopman, Jensen, Maher, Mohr, Ohlenkamp, Oneyh, Schultz, Severson, Votca, Showers, Henry, Wilson
January/ Mankato’s New Fire Department Craig, Jon Relays information from Fire Chief Ben Bargerter’s History of the Mankato Fire Department and a Mankato Free Press article from April 5, 1960, tracing the early story of local firefighting units from 1860 to 1920. Hook and Ladder Company #1, Engine Company #1, City Hall, Hubbard Mill, Hose Company #2, Fireman’s Ball, Bangerter
March/April 1993 A Man and His Dream (J.R. Tincom) Palmer, Gail J.R. Tincom had a beautiful dream for 240 homes and a city park to be built on his land; it would take 120 years for it to be realized. Palmer has intriguingly traced Tincom’s vision through the years and the people who settled the James Avenue area and helped make it the important part of Mankato that it is today. Hawley, City Drug, Jacobi, Mankato Free Press Daily, Tincomville, Mankato Review, James Avenue, Byron Street, Lincoln Park
May/June 1993 Riverside Railway Hub Braun, Jeffrey Excerpt from author’s series on the railway industry in Mankato, southern Minnesota’s rail hub. Union Report, Omaha roundhouse, Hubbard Mill, Chicago & NW Railroad, D,M &E, CS+PM & O, Winona and St. Peter Railway, Milwaukee Road
May/June 1993 Tourtellotte to Immanuel-St. Joseph Schrader, Julie Traces the 100-year history of Mankato hospitals that culminated in the first known merger between a community hospital and a Catholic hospital. Sisters of Sorrowful Mother, Willard, Tourtellotte Hospotal, Kron, Mother Frances Rest Home, roundhouse, Gus Johnson Apartments
July/August 1993 The Horseless Carriage Comes to Mankato Burns, Bert E. Focuses on “Mankato’s short life as an automobile manufacturing center,” covering the years 1891-1912. Cites the many local people who had a hand in the rapid growth, then demise, of the area’s motor car industry. Stanley Steamer, Jensen, Parry, Eckman, Mayer Foundry, Carriage House, Cords Buckley, Barnell, Jaques, Haynes-Apperson, Mayer Special, Huettl, Hodapp, Dedrickson, Theissen, Main Street Hill, Le Sueur Hill, Mankato Free Press, Bennet, Warnecke, Rosenberger, Currier, Hubbard Milling Company, Kato car
September/ There’s No Business Like Show Business (Mapleton) Burns, Inella For many years, beginning in 1880, the Mapleton Opera house served as a community center for traveling shows, dances, graduations, and especially for performances by local talent. Several amateurs in the opera company, including Flo Hanna, Jack Johnson, and Charles Brown, became professionals. Later the building found many uses before it was finally torn down in 1972. Griebel, Bierbauer, Sprague, Stevens, Bishop, Plymat, Davis, Keavenery, Gilmore, Giddings, Troendle, Weatherbee, Johnson, Brooks, Moses, Hotaling, McGinley, Schwear Equipment, McGuiggan Garage, Frank Elevator, Rosenquist
September/ Summer Daydreaming: Ghosts of the Omaha Road Braun, Jeffrey Nostalgic look at venerable trains, some at work and some housed at the Hubbard Mill Yard and the Omaha Roundhouse.  These steam trains, more than forty years old, still “pound the rails” hauling freight and making local passenger runs (as of 1993). Hubbard Mill, Omaha Tenwheeler, Chicago and Northwestern, Union Depot
November/ From Daredevil to Businessman (Glenn Allyn) Braun, Jeffrey Colorful turn-of-the century Mankato car dealer is profiled, beginning with his participation in youthful pranks (firing off the curve was common in Lincoln Park, amazing 36 arrests for speeding), then taking him through his years in the auto business where he also raced cars for fun. Mayer special, Kato cars, Mayor Mayer, E. Watters, Joe Reynolds, Ford dealership, Lewis, Jones, Hopkins, Rosenberger, Williams, beach, Nichole, Murphy, Hammett, Hoerr, Schaus, Clements brothers
January/ He Made the Army His Career (George Mead) Grundmeier, Shirley Following a brief resume of the life of General George W. Meade, the article traces the life and career of the Colonel W. Mead, from his birth in Ohio in 1845 to his death in Mankato in 1928. Gen. George G. Meade,  Col. George W. Mead, Garden City, Sioux, Battles of Wood Lake, 9th Minnesota, Mankato Militia, 12th Minnesota Volunteers, Antoinette “Nettie” Cram, Tom Hark family, Tanner, Sloan, First Baptist Church, Pennington, Palmer, Cords
March/April 1994 Past and Present Boomtown – Eagle Lake Grundmeier, Shirley Surveys growth of the village of Eagle Lake from its beginnings in 1856 to a total population of 1703 in 1990. Originally five miles east of Mankato, today the “quiet neighborly community” lies less than three miles away. Shoemaker’s Business Directory, Chicago and NW Railroad., Burgess, Cummins, Speier, Le Ray Township, Mankato Free Press, Point Pleasant, Hilton Hotel, Mankato Public Spirit, Phelps and Allyn, Kelly, Haslep, R.L.Polk’s Directory, Eagle Lake School, Mankato East, Jaycee Women
May/June 1994 The Twilight Gander Club:  31 Years of Service Friederichs, Michelle Maack Surveys history of the club from 1963 to 1994, citing flowers and herbs that grow well in the Carriage House garden and were common during Victorian Times. Hubbard House, Sibley Park, Meredith, Hoppe, Hemenway, Foudray, Hubbard Milling Company, City of Mankato
July/August 1994 The Wieckings:  As the Twig is Bent Grundmeier, Shirley Highlights the lives of this “family of achievers” from father H.R. Wiecking and mother Emma (Kerndt) and their five illustrious offspring.  Daughter Anna, for whom (along with sister Emma) MSU’s Wiecking Center was named, points out how parents and teachers “influence children for good…when some of the ideals that make our country great have been submerged.” As We Once Were, Burns, Mankato Normal School, Odd Fellows Lodge, Rebekah, Lodge, Eastern Star, YWCA, Zetetic, Saulpaugh Hotel, Court House, Library, Pleasant Grove School, Lovelace, Wells, Woodworth, Children’s House, Upward Bound, Margarita Cigar Factory, Symphony Guild, Helping Children to Be Better Citizens
November/ Notes About Farmers and Farm Conditions in Blue Earth County Boyington, W. W. Reprinted from July 1923 edition of the Free Press, Boyington interviewed many of the farmers along Routes 41 and 1 during a midsummer drought.  The article paints a vivid picture of lives of various farmers along the two routes, with many names still well known in the area. Scherer, Day, Route 44, Hood, Church, Naylor, Thomas J. Evans, Nokes, Jones, Rosenburg, Route 1, Williams, Griff Evans, Klingbeck,, Beise, Norman, Smith, Severson, Foster, Fox, Buastian, Queen
January/ A Step Back in Time:  Celebrating Lake Crystal’s 125 Years This edition is dedicated to “all the people who have worked to make Lake Crystal the town it is today.”  Photographs and texts focus on “Early Citizens,” “A Progressive Community,” and “125th Anniversary Events.” High School, First National Bank, McGuire, Post Office, Davis, Granlund, Christensen, Olson, Hughes, Pritchaud, Crystal Lake, The New EraSteamship, Lake Crystal Union, Neff, Price
March/April 1995 The Dethloff Family Focuses on the honorees of the 1995 Annual Heritage Family Dinner sponsored by BECHS.  Active in the Amboy area since 1898, the Dethloffs are traced in word and picture through a century of involvement in church and community. Heritage Family Dinner, Oak Ridge Farm, Amboy, Rueter, Strobel, Shelby Township, Baumgartner, Busse, Amboy Herald, Pleasant View Cemetery, Hoag, Hicks, Boesch, “The Villager,” Amboy History
May/June 1995 The Fountain in the Park Norland, Roger A. Mankato’s Lincoln Park once held a memorial fountain surrounded by monuments in memory of Blue Earth County soldiers who served in the Civil War.  Norland gives details of the erection in 1892 and its dedication on Memorial Day, 1893. Shepard, GAR, Soldier’s Monument, Lincoln Park, Mead, Company F, Sons of Veterans, Concordia Band, Women’s Relief Corps., Wakefield, Pope, Wilkin Post #19, Weaver
July/August 1995 Blue Earth County Fair Schrader, Julie Marking the 136th anniversary of the fair, Schrader presents a brief history of words and photos from the Historical Society Collection. Minneopa House, Garden City, Mankato Fair, Sibley Mound, Continental Can, Agricultural Society, Pleasant Mound and Shelby Townships
July/August 1995 The Circus Comes to Town Schrader, Julie Schrader points out that Al Ringling’s help from his uncle, Nicholas Julear in St. Clair was instrumental in the beginnings of the Ringling Brother’s Circus here in 1872.  She also presents some rare area photographs from the 1880’s to 1908 that dealt with the circus and other local gatherings. Ringling, Julear, St. Clair, Walker, Chambers, Harmonia Hall, Long, Zenopolski, Hall and Barrett Hotel, Wise, Mankato Review, Little Cobb, Winnebago Agency, Miller Ice Company, Minneopa, Point Pleasant, Barclay, Jackson Lake, Sterling Center
October/ Fifty Years Well Spent (from her book “As We Once Were”) Wiecking, In this excerpt, Wiecking focuses on achievements in Blue Earth County that had changed peoples lives over the years.  She cites the way people earned their living, new industries, transportation and communities, schools and churches, health and recreation. Hubbard Mill, Seppman Mill, Minneopa Park, Schistag, Normal School, Buck, Methodist Church, Carnegie Library, Whipple, Agnus Dei Window, Saint Peter and Paul’s, Presbyterian, Tourtellotte, Willard, St. Joseph’s Hospital, Immanuel Hospital, McMahan, Dornberg, Welsh, Germans, Scandinavians, Macbeth, Edwards, Andrews, Lovelace, Hughes, Ray, Rose, Mickleson
Nov-95 Anna M.
Summer 1996 Mankato Art History Celebrates Centennial Burns, Inella Burns follows the club on a “journey through a hundred years of cultural and social history,” citing examples of civic projects, and political activity, as well as the study of art and artists. Hunt, Andrews, James, Fox, Evans, Morehart, Taylor, Mankato Free Press, Barney, Foster, Mayflower, Italian Art, Pure Foods Campaign, Comstock, Brandrup, Youngdahl
Fall 1996 Then and Now Two pages of well-known buildings and areas in Mankato are compared in photographs from 1902 to the present.  They include Carnegie Public Library, Main Street Bridge, Post Office, First National Bank Building, Court House.
Summer 1997 Once Again a Boom Town (Eagle Lake) Grundmeier, Shirley Follows the progress of the village from 1856 to present, finding it still a “quiet, neighborly community” although it had grown in population from 350 to 1700 in 1990. Shoemaker’s Business Directory, Chicago & NW Railroad., Mankato, Burgess, Cummins, Speier, Le Ray, Point Pleasant, Hilton Hotel, Public Spirit, Phelps, Allyn, Kelly, Haslip, Polk’s Directory, School District #77, East High, State Tournament
Summer 1997 First Lime Township Settler Lived Year in Bank House Franciscus, Frank German immigrant Matthias Dehumacher and his wife Anna were the township’s first settlers in 1855, living first in an abode made of bark, later in a log house still occupied by family members in 1942. Schumacher, Bavarra, Keuchler, McGraw, Moses, Boehland, Winnebago Agency
Summer 1997 Beauford Corners Palmer, Gail The unoccupied creamery, United Methodist Church, and mailboxes still bearing the names of generations of owners gave evidence of the once-thriving village 12 miles south of Mankato.  Gail Palmer, area rural teacher from 1930’s-1950’s faithfully details its history. Mapleton, United Methodist Church, Mauer, Morrow, Sellers, Getty, Minkel, Runke, Cramer, Coy, Kreig, Hislop, United Brethren Church, Winnebago Reservation, MacBeth, Frey, Arza, Gatis, Rogers, Child, Findley, Wing, Klimpton, Nitzel, Haberer, Schultz, Husmo, Latovrell, Sherman, Johnson, Ruhncle, Madison, Herzberg
Fall 1997 The Hubbard Family at Home Burns, Inella Photographs and text highlights R. D. Hubbard, his wives and children, and the extensive social life they enjoyed in their mansion. Hubbard House, Tiffany, Cook, Jay, Lundin, Mankato Free Press, Griffith, Episcopal Church, Kate, Esther, Ray, Ervin, Presbyterian, Larson
Winter 1998 Mankato Hard Hit by Raging Blizzard; City Cut Off From Outside World; Trains Held Up (reprinted from Mankato Free Press, January 29, 1909, p.1) Traces one of the worst blizzards that ever isolated the city, following the day-long rain that isolated the area.  Includes two pages of snow and flood photographs from early 1951. Milwaukee train, Wells, Great Western train, Omaha road, Chicago & Northwestern, Citizens Company, Front Street, Northwestern Telephone, Kleinschmidt, Andrews, 1951 Flood photos, Coy, Jones, Western Union, Eagle Lake
Spring 1998 Rich History Surrounds Mankato State Russell, Robert Using text and photographs, Russell traces the first of the University from 1858 to 1958. Normal School, Act of 1858, Buck, Winona, St. Cloud, Governor William Marshall, Methodist Church, Gage, Shaubut, Lines, Searing, Cooper, Teachers College, Armory, McElroy, Great Depression, World War II, Crawford
Summer 1998 Parks Offer Recreation in County Burns, Inella Over the years, many people and organizations were instrumental in securing and maintaining the ten parks in Blue Earth County that today “meet the area’s recreational needs as well as preserve attractive natural sites” for future generations. Outdoor Recreation Resources Renew Committee, Hecht, Lake George, Lura Lake, Daly, DNR, Anderson, Duck Lake, Schraml, Bray Park, Douglas, Madison Lake, Williams Nature Center, Sleeper, Perpich, Rapidan, NSP, Eagle Lake, Schimek, Wildwood, Le Sueur River, Vollmer, MAF, Wood, Ford, Cowley, Votca, Marks, Woitas, Scullan
Winter 1999 A Simple Hill Becomes Mankato’s Premier Ski Area O’Brien, Rich The history of Skihaven (now Mount Kato) is traced from its humble beginnings in 1937 as Harvey Anderson and his wife Dolly are fondly remembered. Anderson, Belgrade  James Ave, Indian Lake Road, Skihaven, Dolly Anderson, Mt. Kato
Spring 1999 Tales of School Days Gone By (reprint from “The Land” April 16, 1999) King, Tim Description of Tom Melchior’s book They Call Me Teacher: Stories of Minnessota Country School Teachers and Students From 1915 to 1961.  Includes some excerpts from the book. Melchior, Palmer, Gustafson, Judson
Summer 1999 Mankato DAR Chapter Celebrates 100th Anniversary Grundmeier, Shirley A brief history of the Anthony Wayne Chatper, Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR).  Includes a brief biography of General Anthony Wayne and his service during the Revolutionary War. Anthony Wayne, Mankato Free Press, Durkee, Wallingford, Glenwood Cemetery, Real Daughter, Severance, Hughes, Pleasant Grove, Benson, Fort Le Hillier, YWCA, Morse, Garden Club, Presbyterian Church, ROTC, Ihrig, Anderson,
Summer 1999 Minnesota River Steamboats Finnegan, Clarice and Zimmer, Beth A brief history of steamboating on the Minnesota River from 1850 through 1897. Steamboats, Anthony Wayne, Nominee, Yankee, Excelsior, Benjamin Franklin, Tiger, Black Hawk, West Newton, Clarion
Fall 1999 East Side, West Side, Public High Schools in Mankato Grundmeier, Shirley Closely focuses on the schools from the first log cabin site, through fire, war, and the 10-year campaign for a new school.  Culminates in the construction and early years of a second high school. West High, East High, Union Square, Fletcher, Union School, Pheasant Grove, Lincoln, Roosevelt, Big Nine, 1941 fire, Rogers, Grundmeier, Memorial Field,  1952 flood, Kennedy, Stockman farm, Dakota Middle, CIM, Scarlets, Cougars
Date Title Author Summary Key Words Article
Winter 2000 PIONEERING WITH GRANDMOTHER (REPRINT OF WINNING BECHS ESSAY THAT APPEARED IN THE FREE PRESS IN 1934) Roberta Warnke The author recounts stories told to her by her grandmother about herself and her family’s experiences on the Minnesota Valley frontier, creating a vivid picture of pioneer life. Rath, Voght, Beauford, Tivoli, May, St. Clair, Brown, Mankato, Le Sueur River, Ady, Sioux Massacre Owatonna
Spring 2000 PIERRE LE SUEUR AND THE CRISIS IN FRANCO-NATIVE AMERICAN RELATIONS 1695-1702 Tyler Crogg Crogg states that the article’s purpose “is to place Le Sueur’s expedition within the shifting design of French North American policy.” The reader learns that he was a trader and military man responsible for maintaining peace between Indian nations, a founding father of the Louisiana colony and he worked at Fort L’Huillier from 1700-1702 Minnesota River, Dakota, Santee Bands, Perrot, Mdewakanton, Tiyoskate, D’Iberville, Louisiana Colony
Summer 2000 HEIGH HO! COME TO THE FAIR! Shirley Grundmeier Nostalgic look at the oldest county fair in Minnesota (1859) with lots of detail (both amusing and amazing) and its hopes for a long future. Mankato Free Press, Sailor, Roelofs, Belgard, Blue Earth County Fair, Porter, Garden City, Dakota Conflict, Martin, Seppman Mill, Taylor, Cray, Patterson, Galer, Sibley Park, Minneopa Falls, Goodall, Pay, Ben Pay Hotel, Christian Church, Amboy, Mapleton, Good Thunder, Agricultural Society, Sandon, McCormack, Johnson, Schall, Christianson, Bruntz, Shipstead, Folsome, Little Giant, Knoff, Hubbard, Mill, Olson, 4-H Club, Regan, German Lutheran, Shelby Hustlers, Pope, Nickolson, Ceresco Township,
Fall 2000 MANKATO HIGH SCHOOLS-PART TWO Shirley Grundmeier Highlights the parochial and private high schools, both past and present, giving their history, philosophy and advantages. Grace Christian, Hotten, Workman, Immanuel Lutheran, Gene Schreyer, Bethany Lutheran, Evangelical Lutheran Seminary, McMahon, Fletcher, Highland Park Windmiller, Ylvisaker, Catholic, Good Counsel Academy, School Sisters of Notre Dame, Gerhardinger, Mary Isidore, Loyola, Wilson Campus, S.S. Peter and Paul, Bishop Kelly, Weides, De Smet Hall, Fitzgerald Middle School, Tacheny,
Winter 2001 MANKATO HIGH SCHOOLS-PART THREE Shirley Grundmeier The final installment of the series surveying the town’s secondary schools that focuses on their strengths and differences. Normal School, Teachers College High, Wilson Campus Schools, Wiecking, Garber, Berg, Glines, Schulze, Coyle, Durenberger, Jensen, Newell, Lund, River Bend Academy, charter school
Spring 2001 KEEPING PACE WITH PROGRESS (BRETT’S DEPARTMENT STORE) Rachel Kuehl Complete story of the venerable store from its beginnings in 1868 to its demise in the 1990s. A paper written in 1922 details the wonders of Brett’s four floors of fine merchandise and shopper comforts. The article ends with possible plans for re-use of the building at the present. Mankato, Empire Store, Presbyterian Church, First National Bank, Brett Family, Awsumb & Associates, Midwest Wireless Center, Weekly Record
Summer 2001 CURLING IN BLUE EARTH COUNTY Matt Helen Traces the Scottish winter sport of curling, brought to America by immigrants and first played in Minnesota in 1956. Each year, the fast-growing sport had up to 200 curlers in Mapleton alone. Ever 10 years, Scottish teams come here to curl. Mapleton, bonspiel, Maple River Burns Club, Dodds, Ellis, Caledonian Curling Club, Mankato, Beauford, Winnebago, Sterling, Osteboe restaurant, Morrow, Krost, Show, Duncanson, Sharp, Solie, Iron Range
Fall 2001 BECHS TURNS 100! (THE BLUE EARTH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY REACHES THE CENTENNIAL MARK) James Lundgren Surveys highlights of the Society’s first century, giving valuable information about its mission, activities, and challenges in collecting and sharing the history of Blue Earth County. Buck, Chapman, Hotaling, Hughes, Mueller, McGraw, Mankato, Blue Earth County, Cray, Seppman Mill, Ott Cabin, Swain, Mankato Normal School, Sibley Park, Hubbard, Gables, Hubbard House, Carriage House, National Register, Warren Street, Newman Center, Heritage Center
Winter 2002 WATER POWER AT RAPIDAN (REPRINTED FROM FEBRUARY 25, 1939 MANKATO FREE PRESS) Extensive history of the Rapidan Dam area, from 1854 to 1939, big in the days of the Winnebago Indians, continuing through flour and grist mills to water power and the present hydroelectric plant. Rapidan Mill, Northern States Power Company, Rodgers Mill, Willard, Moreland, Winnebago Indian Reservation, Kenworthy, Swan, Mendenhall, Cook, Knutsen, Baker, Pipers, Warnee, Dilley, Widell, Johnson Smithy, Wier, Spencer, Weller, McDonald, Kennedy, Buck, Piper, Shores, Rockwood, Kenworthy Mill, Rapidan Dam
Spring 2002 HISTORY OF MINNEOPA CEMETERY Winston Grundmeier Traces the history of the oldest existing cemetery in the Mankato area and the early pioneers who settled South Bend Township. Explores the growth of the cemetery and those who were connected to it over the years. steamboat Clarion, Humbertsin, Evans, Matthews, Bryant, Mann, Lyon, South Bend, Omaha Railroad, Little, Jones, Crane, Roberts, Strom, Williams, Groth, Daniels, Otto
Summer 2002 BLUE EARTH COUNTY’S FIRST SETTLEMENT (REPRINT OF PARTS OF AN ARTICLE BY WILLIAM S. SARGENT, REGISTER OF DEEDS, JUNE 1859) The Mankato Weekly Record of July 5, 1859, offered this extensive survey of county settlement from 1852-1859. Many persons and topics of various communities are covered, giving a wealth of information and interest to today’s writers and researchers. Sargent, Register of Deeds, Johnson, Jackson, Robertson, Leech, Hinckley, Goodrich, Castner, Kennedy, Babcock, Cole, Guenther, Perkins, Rivers, McKenty, Parson, Lay, Brandson, Willard & Besser, Cummings, Minneopa Falls, West Mankato, Le Hillier, South Bend, Judson, Butternut Valley, Garden City, Watonwan, Vernon, Shelbyville, Mapleton, Mails
Fall 2002 CELEBRATING OUR PAST Inella Burns 2002 was the year of the Mankato Area Sesquicentennial Celebration, honoring the early settlers, and the vitality of today’s Mankato area with many special events. Eagle Lake celebrates the 100th anniversary of its incorporation in 2002, and Mapleton, Amboy, and Rapidan will celebrate in 2003 and 2004. Sargent, Traverse des Sioux, Johnson, Jackson, Winter Carnival, Marian Anderson Gallery, Transportation Parade, Rib Fest, Davenport, Brunner, Sarff, McGowan, Lovelace, Kading, Riverbend Bells, Our Savior’s Lutheran Church, symphony, Heitzig, Katoland Game Show, Hustoles, Zielske, Stenzel, Steiner, Grundmeier, Hadley, Tolzman, Tator Days, Lange, Terrell, Burgess, Briley, Brandt, Hage, McMichael, Olson, Wesley, Wintheiser, Beal, Aldinger, Moreland, Winnebago
Winter 2003 THE WINNEBAGO IN BLUE EARTH COUNTY Jeanne De Mars Detailed account of the tribe’s tenure in the county from 1855-1863, including its forced relocation to various areas by the U.S. Government. Continues with troubles dealing with the Winnebago Agency and Congress and the tribe’s final relocation to Nebraska in spite of repealed treaties. Chief Winneshiek, Dakota conflict, Knights of the Forest, Camp Porter, Shogren, Chief La Sallieur, Hochunk
Spring 2003 MY FIRST DOLLAR Winston Grundmeier The article, based on short features that appeared in the Mankato Free Press in 1934, details how several local business and professional men began their careers. It also focuses on a few women who achieved local fame in various fields during the first half of the 20th century. Miller Motors, Malzahn, Hotoling, Blue Earth County Enterprise, Brown, Dobbs, Deike’s Transfer and Storage, Kato Moving and Storage, Osborn, East Mankato school, Union, Immanuel Hospital, St. Joseph’s Hospital, Frescholz, Duke’s Addition, Willard and Williams Insurance, Omaha Depot, Hubbard Mill, First Presbyterian Church, Wiedenheft, Good Thunder, Day, Grawlender, R. D. Hubbard
Summer 2003 THE GARDENS OF THE HUBBARD HOUSE AND THE CARRIAGE HOUSE Gordon Herbst Traces the history of the gardens from 1976 to present, emphasizing the role played by the Twilight Garden Club in its care and appearance. Herbst gives a fine analysis of “not only the how but the why of garden creation,” quoting extensively from recent Horticulture issues. Hubbard Milling Company, Palmer, R.D. Hubbard, Parks Department
Fall 2003 WHO IS ALBERT SCHIPPEL? Emmet Smith A brief biography of the architect from the remarkable escape from Indiana at the age of three (in 1862) through his career of designing “half the buildings in Mankato.” Smith, the great-nephew of Schippel’s niece, based his article on family lore, local interviews, and archival sources, tracing many area buildings from 1890 to 1916. Eagle Lake, Mankato, Magly, Pass, Oleander, Immanuel Lutheran School, Brandrup, Andrews, German Evangelical Ladies’ Seminary, Bethany College, Paffrath, Schmidt, Kruse, Parsons Street, Gerlach
Winter 2004 ARCHAEOLOGY IN BLUE EARTH COUNTY: THE CAMBRIA FOCUS Michael Scullin Sometime between 1000 and 1100 AD a group of people settled along the Minnesota River downstream from present town of Cambria and remained there until about 1300 AD This article gives an overview of the archaeology research done, in 1974 and 1975, at two sites in the Cambria area which these peoples occupied. Cambria, Price, Nickerson, Wilford, pottery, Northern Flint corn, Siouan, Dakota, Cahokia
Spring 2004 THE ANDREWS FAMILY OPERA COMPANY Shirley Grundmeier Members of the Andrews family began their professional musical careers in 1876 as the Andrews Swiss Bell Ringers and in 1884 became the Andrews Family Opera Company, The Opera Company continued performing until 1901. Their travels took them from Philadelphia to Albequerque. After the grou pdisbanded, some of the family continued their individual professional careers into the 1930s and 40s. Andrews, Hutchinsons, Poling, Deters, Shoemaker, Johnson, Jones, Manderfel, Ferguson, Neubert, Strohman, Lloyd, Parker, DuBois,
Summer 2004 EARLY RESORTS ON MADISON LAKE Inella Burns Gives the history of several well known resorts in Madison Lake including Point Pleasaant, Prospect Park, Fair Point and Coponaning Wells, Wright, Baker, Clarke, Barclay, Wise, Patterson, Brett, Sheppard, Patterson, Austin, Hoehn, Lovelace, Huff’s, Christianson, Pay, Hubbard, Searing, Idlewood, Koehler, Young, Taylor, Sugden, Webster, Steele, Reedfield, Fasnact, Casper, Noah’s Ark, Lone Pine Inn
Fall 2004 MYSTERY OF THE YAEGER SCHOOLHOUSE GHOST Julie Schrader The story of the “ghost” in the Yaeger schoolhouse in 1897. Hower, Holbert, Just, Miescke, Ballard, Flo, Conklin, Bowen, Miller,
Winter 2005 LEBANESE IMMIGRATION TO MANKATO E. Winston Grundmeier The first Lebanese immigrants to the Mankato area arrived in 1890, they continue to arrive to this day. Like most immigrants they came to escape the severe economics hardships the encountered in the homeland. They went on to establish their home and many successful business in the area. Zahle, Ferzol, Bekaa, Abraham, Farho, Kouri, Coury, Bouklal, George, Ramy, Rahmy, Shama, Izen, Syrian, Saba, Mahkoul Abul Khali, Maca, Mocol, Timcom, Timcomville, Shalhoub, Hulwi, Bohy, Ferris, Meray’s, Massad, Abdo
Spring 2005 CENTURY FARMS IN BLUE EARTH COUNTY Jack Madsen There are 178 Century Farms in Blue Earth County. This article focuses on the Madsen, Tronvold, Barsch, Strobel and Will farms. It includes a brief history and photographs of each of these farms. It also includes a complete listing of all of the families in Blue Earth County whose farms have been designed Century Farms. Sylvelin Farm, Madsen, Tronvold, Garberg, Batrtsch, Strobel, Will
Summer 2005 DINERS AND RESTAURANTS TO REMEMBER Bernadette Wilson The Blue Earth County Diner’s Club has been visiting restranuts around the county. The author was given us an overview, some history and pictures of some of the restaurants the club has already visited and includes information on others that they have not yet had a chance to visit or which no longer exist. Point Pleasant, Sheppard,Nelson, Hruska, Zotalis, Longbranch, Halverson, Wycoff, Haefner, Wagon Wheel, Uncle Albert’s, Anderson, Fromm, Henze, Lyn Del’s, Bergy’s, Jamison, Thorson, Hollander, Preri Bach, Cambria, Zabel, Crane, Mell-Brandts, Durkee, Candy Kitchen, Rapidan, Uptown Tavern, Cottage Cafe, Thunder Bar
Fall 2005 THEY ASKED TO GO; THE UNTOLD STORY OF EARLY BLUE EARTH COUNTY WOMEN VETERANS Melodie Andrews Blue Earth County women have been serving with the military since the Civil War. During that time many women have served. This article deals with our Civil War veteran as well as some women who served in both the First and Second World Wars. Wolf, Wilson, Patch, Cornish, Vogel, Neubert, Civil War, Anzio, nurse, Walter, Reed, Army, Davis
Winter 2006 GREEK IMMIGRATION TO MANKATO E. Winston Grundmeier The immigrants from Greece left a homeland that, thought free of oppression, was hardly wealthy and could not support a large population. The first Greek family arrived here in 1856 but the majority arrived in the early 1900s. While many of these family simply pass through, others made significant contributions to the growth of Mankato over the years. Agnew, Apostolis, Oosalis, Kalos, Kapas, Patroklos, Stamos, Zotalis, Canellos, Pafiolis, Scordakis, Olympia Candy, cigar stand, Dovolas, Poulimenos, Marinis, Kamatchus, Pappas
Spring 2006 IMMIGRATIONS ROUTES AND THE JOURNEY OF R. D. HUBBARD Beth Zimmer Explains some of the motivators behind New Englanders immigration from the places their ancestors had lived for generations and the migration routes that they took to get to what is now Minnesota. R. D. Hubbard was one of these adventurers who took a zigzag path to arrive in Mankato in 1870. Hubbaard, Chase, Ramsey, Cooper, Cook, Winthrop, Erie, TAmbora, Yolo, Sacramento, Humbolt, Fraser, Otsego, Correy
Summer 2006 LITERARY HERITAGE OF BLUE EARTH COUNTY John Rezmerski This article deals with literary writers, writings and activities that fit this standard: More or less connected to Blue Earth County. Lovelace, KMSU, MSU, Robbins, Good Thunder, Pagel, Wright, Barber, Rasmussen, Coffee Hag, eisteddfod, Eisteddfodau, Cambria, Price, Poets, Chambers, Morgan, Welsh, Kubicek, Miller, Baker, Arnold, Hielscher, Huntzicker, Foster, Deep Valley, Capstone, Heritage, Schrader, Moore, Waterman, Bunkers, Brunet, Callaway, Davis, Haack, Oldknow, Sheffer, Otis, Solensten, Chase
Fall 2006 WHERE DID THE RIVER GO: A. A. ANDERSON’S ARTISTIC VISION Anna Larson An overview of the life and career of A. A. Anderson, a photoengraver and commerical painting whose work tells a story of the people, places and landscape in and around Mankato. Odd, Ekkle, Free Press, Searing, Northrup, Hazelnut, hermit, intaglio, Seppman, Hubbard,
Winter 2007 SCALING BRICK WALLS Sara Upahdyay Details the research process used to solve the mystery of the Sumner Hill wall. Snilsberg, WPA, Big Hill, Schrader, Prospect Heights, Lovelace, Center, McLaughlin, Chalgren, Manning, Hall, Edwards, Hogsback, Lewis, Fuller, Caroline, Mary, Valley View, High, Burton, Hill, Carlstrom, Skoog
Spring 2007 HISTORICAL CLOTHING AND TEXTILES Grace Keir Articles of clothing and accessories provide insight into when and where people lived, their occupation, how they spent their leisure time, their social status and what organizations they belonged to. Examples include a wedding cape from 1893, a dance dress from 1925, quilts from the 1890s and 1900s, a shawl worn by a member of the Jewett family in 1865. Textiles. Kelley. Columbian Exposition. Scherer. Mankato. Minneopa. Hansen. Lake Crystal. Kuebler. New York. Dance instructor. Chicago Musical College. Severson. Jensen. Hardanger. Lampert. Women’s Relief Corps. Grand Army of the Republic. Mills. Garden City Township. Inkpatuda. Sioux outbreak. Jewett.
Summer 2007 MILLS OF BLUE EARTH COUNTY Jane Tarjeson Account is made of the many mills which have existed in Blue Earth County, the largest of which are described in detail of construction materials, dimensions, period of operation, type of mill (wind, steam and water). and use of the mill (saw, cane and grist). The fate of all these mills is presented. Saw. Cane. Grist. Wind. Steam. Water. Seppmann. Schostag. Minneopa. Minnesota Lake. Danville. Amboy. Affolter. Howe. Jamestown. Watonwan. Fremont. Lowell. Tivoli. Champion Mills. Van Brunt Mill. Decoria. Winnebago. Volk. Hoveland. Hodapp. Mankato Township. Maxwell. Gustafson. Sorghum. Sterling Center. Millstone. Flour. Feed. Hubbard. Maple River. St. Clair Roller Mill. Garden City. Quayle. Capwell. Rew. Furman.
Fall 2007 INDIAN CREEK Win Grundmeier Geologic, cultural and economic history of Indian Creek area. Description of changes in natural features as the process of development affects a wildlife habitat. Flooding effects on land use and the process of land reclamation by dike building. Preservation of habitat by forming Rasmussen Woods Nature Area and Indian Lake Conservation Area. Indian Creek. Indian Lake. Rasmussen Nature Center. LeSueur River. Slough. Front Street. Wildlife habitat. Dewy Street. Milwaukee Railroad. Omaha Railroad. Northwestern Railroad. Flooding. Hobo Jungles. Poiplar Street.
Winter 2008 SOUTH BEND TOWNSHIP Jane Engh History of South Bend community is traced from its origin in 1853, through the arrival of the Welsh settlers, growth to a thriving town which rivalled Mankato, and decline. Origins of Minneopa Park are traced, as well as its development. Minneopa Falls. Post Office. Minnesota River bend. D.C. Evans. Clarion. Humbertson. Lyons. Mathews. Richard Davies. H.T. Yeatman. Pioneer. Blue Earth river. Railroad. Crystal Lake. Miner Porter. County fair. Excursion. Grasshoppers. Ezra Gates. WPA.
Spring 2008 OLD PHOTOGRAPHS AND THE SECRETS THEY HOLD. Grace Keir Use of photographs and clothing details to identify persons, their lives and times, during the period 1850 to 1900. The various types of photographic methods used from 1838 to 1900 are discussed. Clothing styles are important in dating photographs, especially with women’s and girls’ clothing which changed more than men’s and boys’. Photograph. Daguerreotype. Frames. Ambrotype. Tintype. Carte de visite. Cabinet card. Clothing. Bustle. Hairstyle. Neckline. Bodice. Leg-o-mutton. Waistcoat. Tailcoat. Cravats. Tuxedo. Frock coat. Moustache. Knickerbocker. Little Lord Fauntleroy.
Summer 2008 PRAIRIE SKYSCRAPERS Jane Tarjeson Description is provided on the structure of the wooden grain elevators which once dotted the prairie landscape at towns along the railroads of Blue Earth County. The process of unloading, shelling and storing corn and small grain at the elevator, as well as shipment by rail from the elevator is explained. History is related for each elevator in the County as well as the fate of the elevator, often destruction by fire. Grain elevator. Crib. Railroad. St. Paul & Sioux City Railway. Rapidan. Corn. Grain pits. Hopper. Leg drive. Spout. Head drive. Omaha Road. Hubbard & Palmer. Huntting. Jennison Bros. Cray. Lake Crystal. Explosions. Fire. Houk. Good Thunder. Christensen. Marston. Cargill. Mankato. Milwaukee Railway. Frank Bros. Mapleton. Commander. Vernon Center. Judson. Chicago & Northwestern Railroad.
Fall 2008 SHADOWS OF THE PAST: LOST VILLAGES OF BLUE EARTH COUNTY. Steven Ulmen Early settlements, associations of individuals, were formed by families or extended families, colonies from the Old Country, or along railroads and rivers. Settlement in Blue Earth County began in 1855 and blossomed through the 1860s. Origins, flourishing and decline to oblivion of a number of such communities is described. Communities. Edward D. Neill. Colonization. Railroad. Bradley Station. Cray. Omaha Railroad. Fremont. Shelbyville. Stone. Minneopa. Caroline. Ceresco. Pleasant Mound. Medo. Little Cobb. Cream. Volksville. Watonwan City. Blaine. Lowell. Crystal Lake City. Mankato Mineral Springs.
Winter 2009 OLD PHOTOGRAPHS AND THE SECRETS THEY HOLD. PART 2: PHOTOGRAPHY 1900-1930 Grace Keir Dating photographs in the early 120tyh century may depend more on clothing and subject appearance.  Amateur photography began in 1888 with the Eastman Kodak.  Photographs on postcards began in 1898 and e3volved over several changes though 1930.  Importance of clothing styles for men, women and children is traced through the period. Portrait photographers. Kodak camera.. Kodak brownie. color film. blueprint. postcard. women’s clothing. shirtwaist. silhouette. dress. travelling suit. wedding dress. skirt length. Hats. Waistline. Hair style. Shoes. Pinafore. Vest. Jacket. Ascot. Bow tie. Sweater. Polo shirt. Top hat. Straw hat. Knickers. Rompers.
Spring 2009 SARAH CHRISTIE STEVENS. SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS. Grace Webb Born in Ireland in 1844, Sarah emigrated with her family to America.  She was educated through college level in Wisconsin, supported by her father and brother.  During the Civil War she took time to organize the Soldiers Aid Society.  Sarah found her education to be threatened by straitened financial circumstances, but u87ltimately succeeded.  Moving to Blue earth County, she married a prosperous widower.  Sarah embarked on projects involving missions and women’s rights.  She ran for election as Blue Earth County School Superintendent, and won by a fair margin—the first woman to be elected to any office in the county.  Her duties included visiting al 137 schools in the region, welfare of the students and maintenance of the facilities.  Sarah, a life-long Democrat, lost two succeeding elections for superintendent to her Republican opponent. School superintendent. Education. Wisconsin Female College. Women’s Baptist Home Mission Society. Soldiers Aid Society. Women’s rights. Teacher. Recommendary certificate. Carleton College. William L. Stevens. Farmer’s Alliance. Democrat. Women’s Christian Temperance Union. School improvements. The Historian Spring 2009
Summer 2009 MANKATO’S ROLE IN THE CARP STORY Henry W. Quade Spurred by meat rationing during World War II, the public turned to eating fresh-water carp, some of which came from Eagle Lake. Contractor Armin Kleinschmidt, native of Mankato, and German-born engineer, Ed Bouda, teamed to form Land of Lakes Canning Company for processing carp as part of Mankato’s effort to feed our troops and the hungry refugees of Europe. Continental Can Company, which had a plant in Mankato, planned much of the processing. Kleinschmidt worked with the Smaller War Plants Corporation, supported by the State Conservation Department, to patent his process. The U. S. Army and Navy became interested and by June 1945 Kleinschmidt had a pilot plant operating. By October the dale of $101,000 in stock was announced. Four million pounds of carp would be harvested. Leonard A. Ford, Head of Science Department at Mankato State Teachers College, became plant chemist. Ford worked out a number of technical problems in the canning process. Price competition forced the industry into bankruptcy in the 1950s. Carp. Land of Lakes Canning Company. Armin R. Kleinschmidt. Wed Bouda. Bertha Kleinschmidt. Contractor. Mico Company. Continental Can Company. Processing. Canning. Smaller War Plants Corporation. State Conservation Department Army. Navy. Research laboratory. Pilot plant. Ground fish. Flaked fish. Lake Fish Canning Company. Willow Street. Leonard A. Ford. Plant chemist. Canned tuna. Fresh-water fish. Brining. Pre-cooking. Ethnic market. bankrupt. The Historian Summer 2009
Fall 2009 FALL HARVESTS Jack Madsen In by-gone years fall harvest began in July. Farmers depended on someone who owned a threshing machine powered by a huge tractor, such as a Case. While waiting on the availability of the threshing machine, the Farmer had to cut, dry and stack his grain.  Plow horses pulled the grain binder which would cut and bundle the grain with twine.  Hand labor did the shocking, piling bundles (six or eight) together for drying. Thence, the shocks were hauled home to be stacked. On harvest day, the threshing machine and tractor were carefully positioned and the process begun. The grain was poured into a truck or wagon and the straw was blown into a stack, perhaps in the barn.  The combine replaced all of the above operations into one, but it ended an era. Harvest. Steam engine. Tractor. Threshing machine. Horse. Twine canister. Grain binder. Bundler. Oats. Sandbur. Thistle. The Historian Fall 2009
Date Title Author Summary Key Words Article
Winter 2010 BLUE EARTH COUNTY PIONEER PARISHES Winston Grundmeier The author describes the foundation and building of various denominations of churches by various immigrant groups in Blue Earth County from the 1850s, including Catholic, Lutheran, Methodist, and Calvinist congregations. Also includes a summary of the parish Heritage Center at SS Peter and Paul’s Church by Father Ted Hottinger. SS Peter and Paul Catholic Church, German immigrants, Welsh immigrants, Churches The Historian Winter 2010
Spring 2010 DON’T LET THE RESEARCH CENTER SCARE YOU! Doug Brugman Introduction to using the resources of the BECHS to research various topics, including family history, buildings, and events. Researching the history of the Old Towner Building is used as an example. Research Center The Historian Spring 2010
Summer 2010 THE SHADY LADY FROM SOUTH BEND Steven Ulmen The author explores the story of Isabelle Matilda Anderson, or Belle Born, of South Bend, Minnesota and her connection to bootlegging and the gangsters of the 1930s, including the Barker-Karpis gang and the kidnapping of William Hamm in 1933. Reproduces several Free Press article describing her trial for aiding the criminals. South Bend Bootlegging, Moonshine, Prohibition, Isabelle Mathilda Anderson, Belle Born, Danish immigrants, Charles Fitzgerald, Barker-Karpis Gang, William Hamm Kidnapping The Historian Summer 2010
Fall 2010 SIBLEY PARK: LIONS AND RACETRACKS AND FLOODS, OH MY! Grace Webb A summary of the historical background of Sibley Park, from its beginnings as a tradiging post, it suse after the U.S. Dakota War, its transition to a fairground, zoo, and park and its current state. Sibley Park, H.H. Sibley, Camp Lincoln, U.S. Dakota War, Southern Minnesota Livestock and Fair Association, Racetracks, Sibley Park Zoo, Flooding The Historian Fall 2010
Winter 2011 HER ROOTS RUN DEEP: MARGARET ANDERSON KELLIHER Beth Zimmer A summary of the local family history of Minnesota Legislature House Speaker Margaret Anderson Kelliher in Blue Earth County. Margaret Anderson Kelliher, Family History, Genealogy The Historian Winter 2011
Spring 2011 BLUE EARTH COUNTY AND THE CIVIL WAR: COMPANY H 2ND REGIMENT MINNESOTA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY E. Winston Grundmeier The author describes the role of the 2nd Regiment, which recruited from Blue Earth Country, in the Civil War, including the battle of Chickamauga, for which they were awarded congressional medals of honor. Also describes the personal lives of a number of soldiers of Company H. Civil War, Company H 2nd Regiment Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, Chickamauga, Joseph Burger, L. N. Holmes, S. DeWitt Parsons, Lewis Bennert, William A. Clark, William C. Durkee, William A. Ford, Jerome Dane, Henry C. Tibbitts, Milton Hanna, Henry Hilton, Uriah S. Karmany, Josiah Keene, Byron E. Pay, Billings P. Sibley, Thomas G. Quayle, Grand Army of the Republic The Historian Spring 2011
Summer 2011 THESE BLUE EARTH ROOTS OF MINE Chris Oldenburg A personal genealogical background of Oldenburg, specifically telling the stories of his great-great grandparents Gustav and Antoinette Brackelsburg, and their experience in the U.S. Dakota and Civil Wars. German immigrants, Genealogy, Family History, Civil War, Gustav Brackelsburg, Antoinette Brackelsburg, U.S. Dakota War The Historian Summer 2011
 Fall 2011 BLUE EARTH COUNTY MONUMENTS AND MARKERS Jane Tarjeson The author summarizes the history of the monuments and markers of Blue Earth County, both lost and surviving. Describes Civil War monuments, the “Indian Monument” commemorating the execution of Dakota men after the U.S. Dakota War, and WWI and WWII monuments. It also includes a discussion of landmarks commemorating pioneer and milling history. Monuments, U.S. Dakota War, Civil War, Grand Army of the Republic, WWI, WWII, Ott Cabin, Sibley Park, Cairn of Peace, World Plowing Contest, Seppmann Mill, Hubbard Milling The Historian Fall 2011
Winter 2012 THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC Shirley Grundmeier A short history of the foundation of the  Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) in the years after the Civil War, with emphasis on the activity of its Minnesota and Blue Earth County posts. Also includes a summary of the personal lives of some prominent local members, including a great-grandfather of Grundmeier. Grand Army of the Republic, Civil War, Alexander Wilkin, 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Mapleton, Eagle Lake, Lake Crystal, Joseph Mautner, William C. Durkee, Company E, 9th Minnesota, Company H, 2nd Minnesota, Samuel Loudon, Andrew J. Murphy, Albert Woolson The Historian Winter 2012
Spring 2012 CENSUS RECORDS TREASURE CHEST FOR FAMILY RESEARCHERS Beth Zimmer A history and background of the United States census and guide to using them to aid with genealogical research. Census, Genealogy The Historian Spring 2012
Summer 2012 A TRIP DOWN MEMORY LANE: SHOPPING ON FRONT STREET Heather Harren Describes the historical background of Mankato’s Front Street and some of the businesses that operated along the street between the 1860s and the 1970s, including department stores. Mankato, Front Street, George Brett, Montgomery Ward Department Store, J.C. Penney, S&L Company, Max Katz, Sears Roebuck, Leon Salet, Louis Salet, L. Salet and Son, Five and Dime, F.W. Woolworth’s, Kresge, Jupiter Discount Store, H.L. Green The Historian Summer 2012
Fall 2012 IN SEARCH OF THE ELUSIVE MRS. RABLIN Jane Tarjeson An account of researching the life of Maria Rablin, the first Euro-American woman to settle in Blue Earth County, becoming a farmer and whiskey distiller. Maria Rablin, P.K. Johnson, James Rablin, Mankato Townsite Company, Lime Township, Emory Williams, Dakota life, Civil War, Moonshine The Historian Fall 2012
Winter 2013 “I CANNOT HANG MEN FOR VOTES” ABRAHAM LINCOLN’S MORAL DILEMMA Bryce O. Stenzel Summarizes Abraham Lincoln’s decision making and involvement in the US-Dakota War of 1862, including telegraph messages to Minnesota, ending with the trial and execution of 38 Dakota. Abraham Lincoln, US-Dakota War of 1862 The Historian Winter 2013
Spring 2013 A TALE OF TWO MEN PROMOTING THE BLUE EARTH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY 100 YEARS LATER BECHS Staff Summarizes the background of the Blue Earth County Historical Society photography chosen from the Minnesota Digital Library (MDL) to show the state’s involvement with Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), Dr. G.A. Dahl, Keene Studios, and early photography as well as the background of MDL and DPLA. Photography, Dr. G. A. Dahl, George E. Keene, Keene Studios, Minnesota Digital Library, Digital Public Library of America The Historian Spring 2013
Summer 2013 WHAT’S IN A NAME Grace Webb Describes the origins of the location names in Blue Earth County, including four categories; translations/words from Native Americans, names of people, names of locations, and the natural world. Mankato, Decoria, Blue Earth County, Good Thunder, Big Cobb River, Little Cobb River, Amboy, Beauford, Butternut Valley, Cambria, Danville, Le Ray, Vernon Center, Crystal Lake, Cottonwood Lake, Garden City The Historian Summer 2013
Fall 2013 SURROUNDED BY HISTORY: BLUE EARTH COUNTY STREET NAMES Morgan O’Hara Describes the naming patterns of Blue Earth County streets, including four primary themes; people, places, nature, and Native American words. Specifically focuses on brief biographies of several historical figures who were the namesake of several streets in Lake Crystal, Mankato, Mapleton, and Vernon Center. Lake Crystal, Mankato, Mapleton, Vernon Center, Henry Humphrey, William R. Robinson, Henry Jackson, James B. Hubbell, Dr. Thomas D. Warren, George Marsh, John Marsh, Albert R. Pfau, Val Imm, George Stoltzman, Benedict Truwe, William Borchert, Lucas Troendle, Elnathan Kendall The Historian Fall 2013
Winter 2014 STORIES FROM THE SLOUGH Jo Schultz The history of the Slough on the west edge of Mankato has a colorful history. It starts in 1873 and James Tinkcom purchasing the land and building several small houses to sell or rent out. In the 1890s, several Lebanese families immigrated to Mankato and moved into the houses, nicknamed Tinkcomville.

In 1908, some land in the area was purchased and an orphanage built. It closed about a decade later and the building was abandoned. In 1924, a civic project was started on the site. The project included a park and golf course. However, the area flooded was too wet for golf. By 1943, the golf course was abandoned. Eight years later, Mankato West High School was built on the land.

Through the 1970s, some of the wooded area was improved to include nature paths. A new road was also built through the area and named after George Stolzman, the first soldier from Blue Earth County to be killed in the Vietnam conflict. In 1988, a memorial was built on the west side of Stolzman to honor all of the twenty-nine area soldiers killed in that conflict.

Slough, Mankato, Tinkcomville, Orphanage, Stolzman The Historian Winter 2014
Spring 2014 SEPPMAN: THE MAN AND THE MILL Tim Pulis In 1862, Louis Seppman began the construction of a mill on his land. Due to the U.S.-Dakota war, the construction took two years and the mill opened in 1864. All but two pieces of the mill, ordered from St. Louis, were hand mad by Seppmann himself. Seppman ran into several problems in operating the mill including a lack of wind and he was not a miller by trade. He sold the mill to his father in law, Martin Miller, who also had problems to include lightening hitting the mill and wind blowing blades away. Miller ended up closing the mill due to the progress and completion of the Hubbard mill.

The mill sat unused for decades until it was donated to the Blue Earth County Historical Society in 1929. BECHS partially restored the mill, but in 1931 it was deeded to the State of Minnesota. The state restored the mill and even opened a highway rest stop near it in 1955. The rest stop was taken out in 1972 when the Minneopa State Park was expanded.  The state replaces the floors, doors, windows, and the roof on several occasions. In 1989, the state closed in permanently due to a crack in the outside wall and other unsafe conditions.

Louis Seppman, Seppman Mill, 1864, Minneopa State Park, The Historian Spring 2014
Summer 2014 PROTECTING, PREDICTING, AND PREPARING: A LOOK BACK AT HOW BLUE EARTH COUNTY PREPARED FOR DISASTERS. Harris Burkhalter and Danelle Erickson This article focuses on the history of fire departments, weather observers, and fallout shelters throughout Blue Earth County.  Many fire departments were started as a reaction to a large fire in the community. The Mankato Fire Department started in 1860 and in 1894, a Gamewell Fire Alarm System was installed and they added a chemical tank. In 1914 and 1916, Mankato added its first two motorized vehicles and customized them to fight fires. Since then, major advances have been made in firefighting technology and the Mankato Fire Department has kept up each step of the way.

For over 100 years, local weather observers have been predicting the weather. John Pihale officially became a weather observer in 1920, something he had been doing as a hobby since 1902. Each day he would record the temperatures, weather patterns and moisture. Pihale would receive calls from local people each day, wanting him to predict the weather. He answered about 150 calls per day into the 1950s. In 1961, Warren Heisler became the official weather observer in Mankato and held that position until 1984. He added measuring river water levels to this position. Although he didn’t get paid, Heisler did receive some compensation from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Mankato Free Press for his efforts.

Throughout the Cold War era, fallout shelters were encouraged by leaders. They were to be fully stocked with food and water for two weeks in case of a nuclear war. They were mainly located in schools and other government buildings and by 1967, Blue Earth County had 11,213 licensed fallout shelters, more than any in the area. By 1980, most of these shelters were emptied of their supplies. After 1989, when the Cold War ended, the shelters were all but abandoned. Many were demolished or remodeled and used as recreation centers.

Fallout shelters, Disasters, Fires, Weather, The Historian Summer 2014
Fall 2014 HAPPY DAYS ARE HERE AGAIN: ROOSEVELT’S NEW DEAL IN BLUE EARTH COUNTY Mary Ward This article traces how several Federal programs had an impact on Blue Earth County. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration and the Works Progress Administration put many area people to work from 1933-1943. Men built roads, bridges, made improvements to local parks and the school in Lake Crystal. Women were put to work sewing and organized the PTA. The PTA also program began serving hot lunches at school.

The National Youth Association employed men and women from 18-25 years old. It also provided recreation opportunities to include kittenball, ice skating, and one act plays. Other federal programs helped start local co-ops that brought electricity to rural areas. The National Recovery Administration helped to stabilize the economy and encouraged fair competition, set a minimum wage, supported unions, and prohibited child labor. These programs had mixed success throughout the county.

New Deal, FERA, NYA, PTA, WPA, Blue Earth County, The Historian Fall 2014
Winter 2015 BLUE EARTH COUNTY WOMEN ANSWER THE CALL OF DUTY DURING WORLD WAR II Grace Webb This article looks at the women in Blue Earth County during World War II. The article starts with women who joined the Army through the WACS, WAVES and WAAC to the Red Cross and going to work in factories. Ellen M. Van Rossum, Phyllis Brine, Eileen Adams, Bernadine Balkwill, Ida DeMario,Kathryn Lorraine Murphy, Christine Tacheny, Hazel Hess, Louise Wood, Margaret Donahue, Mary Lou Boman, Marilyn Piccione, The Historian Winter 2015
Spring 2015 HIGH WATER AND HARD AT WORK: REMEMBERING THE FLOOD OF 1965 Hilda Parks The Flood of 1965 was a culmination of unprepared dike building, record snow falls, and rain. The flood caused mass evacuation of Mankato, North Mankato, and LeHillier residents and businesses. Record water levels rising to roughly 29 feet caught the attention of the federal government and required the aid of the National Guard. The citizens of these communities came together during the weeks of the flood to fill sand bags, evacuate family and neighbors, feed volunteers or displaced persons, and to rebuild the town. flood, flood 1965, Mankato, North Mankato, LeHillier The Historian Spring 2015
Summer 2015 THE NAMING AND SPELLING OF MANKATO, MINNESOTA Dr. William E. Lass The story of Mankato’s name is interesting in that it is commonly cited as a misinterpretation between the indigenous Dakota population and the colonial Anglo-Saxons. Traditionally, the area was referred to as “Mahkato” but in a clerical tragedy it was recorded as “Mankato”. Scholars have now proven that this tale is false and that using various sources, including Stephen Rigg’s dictionary A Dakota-English Dictionary published in 1852, the area would have actually been spelled “Makato”. The historical inaccuracy would actually seem to lie, not in a clerical mistake, but rather in a miscommunication of phonetics. Mankato, Mahkato, Dakota, Makato The Historian Summer 2015
Fall 2015 ELECTRICITY COMES TO RURAL BLUE EARTH COUNTY Hilda A. Parks While the city of Mankato got electricity in the 1880s, and many communities throughout Blue Earth County between 1912 and 1915 due to the Rapidan Dam, most rural homes did not get electricity until Rural Electrification with the New Deal. This act, passed in 1934 on the National level, did not reach Blue Earth County until 1936. From then to the end of the decade, miles of electrical lines were laid and brought to homes. Blue Earth County; Rural Electrification; The Historian Fall 2015
Winter 2016 DORM SWEET DORM: A LOOK AT STUDENT HOUSING IN BLUE EARTH COUNTY Mike Lagerquist The first two school houses in Blue Earth County were constructed in 1855. Mankato’s history of higher education and boarding style education was first impacted by Father James Thomason with his Woodland Seminary in 1864. Although it did not succeed, it was followed in 1964 by the Mankato Commercial College which lasted until 1980. Also following Thomason’s Seminary was the School Sisters of Notre Dame in 1912, a successful story which has celebrated 150 years of service in Mankato. More common are residence halls on the University campuses of Minnesota State University Mankato and Bethany Lutheran College. While both have decommissioned and replaced previous dormitory style housing, they exampled the boarding style education brought to the area in 1864 by Thomason. Boarding, Dormitory, Minnesota State University Mankato, Bethany Lutheran College, Daniel Buck Hall, School Sisters of Notre Dame Woodland Seminary, Father James Thomason The Historian Winter 2016
Spring 2016 FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS: THE LEGACY OF BLUE EARTH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY’S FOUNDERS BECHS Staff The Blue Earth Historical Society was created in 1901 by a group of individuals dedicated to preserving the past. Many of the original settlers were passing away and the society founders felt it was a time to reflect on the history and the future of the county and Mankato. Judge Daniel Buck served as the first president. Thomas Hughes was the society’s first secretary. Charles A. Chapman was a vice-president of the Society in 1901. Herbert C. Hotaling was the other vice-president. Phillip Mueller was the first treasurer. The efforts of the society were renewed in 1916 and were prolific, publishing their Articles of Incorporation, establishing the first Board of Trustees, and actively collecting and preserving their history. Judge Lorin Cray was pivotal in this movement. Blue Earth County Historical Society, Founders, Judge Daniel Buck, Charles A. Chapman, Thomas Hughes, Herbert B. Hotaling, Judge Lorin Cray The Historian Spring 2016
Summer 2016 ALL ABOARD: THE RAILROAD COMES TO BLUE EARTH COUNTY Inella Burns In 1868, The Minnesota Valley Railroad reached Mankato. It was funded in part by private loan and bonds. The second-hand locomotives were necessary for the expanding economic hub in the rural Midwest, and it arrived just in time. Horse-drawn wagons could no longer keep up with the fur trade, wool trade, and agriculture in the area. The finished tracks and train with its cars were met with a feast and celebration, topped off with the mayor, ex-governors, and the “father of railroads in Minnesota”. It was quickly followed by the Northwestern Telegraph Line. The railroad led to the creation of Lake Crystal, and connected rural Midwestern towns together, creating a bustling economic and social hubbub. Railroad, Train, Mankato, Lake Crystal, Chicago Great Western, Minnesota Valley Railroad, Northwestern Telegraph Line The Historian Summer 2016
Fall 2016 THE FUR TRADE IN THE MINNESOTA RIVER VALLEY Dr. William E. Lass The Fur Trade was conducted from 1700 to roughly 1851. Beaver pelts were the primary medium of exchange, however finer furs were traded, such as mink and otter. The French, British and American traders were most involved in trading with Native Americans. The French existed in a period ruled by mercantilism, in which trapping licenses were strictly distributed and monitored. The British period of fur trading was marked by extensive intermarriages between the indigenous tribes and colonial traders. It was also heavily influential in Buffalo hunting and the exhaustion of the beaver population in the Midwest. The American period is significant in its role in purchasing Dakota lands and displacing the native population onto reservations. It is known as the period in which the fur trade collapsed due to the rejection of traditional trading alliances. Beaver, France, Fur Trade, France, Britain, America, Beaver, Buffalo The Historian Fall 2016